טֶ֫רֶם54, once (
[Ruth 3:14] Kt) טְרוֺם, adverb of time, not yet, ere, before that (derivation unknown: not found in cognate languages) — construed mostly with the imperfect (with the perfect only [Gen 24:15] ( [Gen 24:45] imperfect), [1Sam 3:7] a (v:b imperfect), and בְּטֶרֶם [Ps 90:2]; [Prov 8:25]): —
1. טֶרֶם in an independent sentence, not yet,
[Gen 2:5] and all the plants of the field טרם יהיה בארץ were not yet in the earth, etc., [Gen 19:4] טרם ישׁכבו not yet had they lain down, when etc., [Gen 24:15]; [Gen 24:45]; [Num 11:33]; [Josh 2:8]; [1Sam 3:3]; [1Sam 3:7] (twice in verse); of present time, [Exod 9:30]; [Exod 10:7] הֲטֶרֶם תֵּדַע dost thou not yet know, etc.?; in a subordinate clause, ere, before that, [Exod 12:34] they took their dough טרם יחמץ before it was leavened, [Josh 3:1]; [Ps 119:67] of future time [Isa 65:24]. More frequently
2. בְּטֶרֶם39, with the same force: of past time,
[Gen 27:33] I ate of all בטרם תבא before thou camest, [Gen 37:18]; [Gen 41:50]; [Judg 14:18]; [1Sam 2:15]; [Jer 1:5]; [Jer 47:1]; [Ezek 16:57]; [Ps 90:2]; [Prov 8:25] (both with perfect); more often of present or future, as [Gen 27:4] בטרם אמות before I die (so [Gen 45:28], compare [Ps 39:14]; [Job 10:21]), [Lev 14:36]; [Deut 31:21]; [1Sam 9:13]; [2Kgs 2:9]; [Isa 7:16]; [Isa 42:9]; [Isa 48:5]; [Jer 13:16] the imperfect with a frequently force, [Exod 1:19] before the midwife cometh, they are wont to bear, [Ruth 3:14]; [Prov 18:13]. Pleon. בְּטֶרֶם לֹא [Zeph 2:2] (twice in verse). Construed with a substantive in the genitive, [Isa 17:14] בְּטֶרֶם בֹּקֶר = ere morning, [Isa 28:4] בְּטֶרֶם קַיִץ; with an infinitive [Zeph 2:2]a (but read here with ᵐ5 We בְּטֶרֶם לאֹ תֵהְיוּן כְּמוֺץ עֹבֵר, without יוֺם, 'before ye become as chaff passing away').
[Hag 2:15] (followed by infinitive) מִטֶּרֶם שׂוּם אֶבֶן from before the laying of one stone upon another, etc.
The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon
License: Public domain document; formatting developed for use in https://marvel.bible by Eliran Wong.
Source: provided by Tim Morton, the developer of Bible Analyzer