BDB3640 [H3264 H3293]

I. יַ֫עַר noun masculine2Sam 18:8 wood, forest, thicket (MI21 plural היערן (= proper name, of a location ?); Phoenician יער and יר, compare DHM in MV (10) 983; Aramaic יַעֲרָא, wood, thicket; Assyrian âru DlHWB 230, compare JägerBAS i, 476) — absolute ַ֫ יעַר Isa 7:2 +; יָ֑עַר Mic 3:12 +; with ה locative יַעֲרָה Josh 17:15 construct ַ֫ יעַר 2Sam 18:6 יַעְרָהּ Jer 46:23, etc.; plural יְעָרִים Ezra 2:25 + 4 t. (including Ezek 34:25 Qr, so Co); יְעָרוֺת Ps 29:9
\ \ a. wood, forest, wooded height, with trees to be felled Josh 17:15 (with עלה go up to), vJosh 17:18 (J), Deut 19:5 (not elsewhere Hexateuch); עֵץ מִיַּעַר כְּרָתוֺ Jer 10:13 as wood out of a forest he hath cut it; יחטבו מןהֿיערים Ezek 39:10 (עצים מןהֿשׂדה in || clause); as producing trees יער צוֺמֵחַ עֵצִים Eccl 2:6 in designation of Solomon's palace בֵּית יַעַר הַלְּבָנוֺן 1Kgs 7:2 (on structure of this house see StaSalomos Bauten, ZAW 1883, 150), 1Kgs 10:17; 1Kgs 10:21 = 2Chr 9:16; 2Chr 9:20 compare בֵּית הַיָּ֫עַר Isa 22:8 figurative of foes to be cut down and destroyed נִקַּף סִבְכֵי היער Isa 10:34 כָּֽרְתוּ יַעְרָהּ Jer 46:23 so Isa 32:19 and יער הַבָּצִו֯ר Zech 11:2 (read Kt הַבָּצוּר inaccessible forest).
\ \ b. as hiding-place for fugitive 1Sam 22:5 lurking-place of wild beasts Amos 3:4; Mic 5:7; 2Kgs 2:24; Jer 5:6; Jer 12:8; Isa 56:9; Ps 50:10; Ps 80:14; Ps 104:20, compare Ezek 34:25 (read Qr, see above)
\ \ c. stripped by voice of ׳י Ps 29:9 devoured by fire Isa 9:17 (׳סִבְכֵי הַיּ; figurative of the people); so in metaphor or simile of ׳י's judgements Isa 10:18 (כְּבוֺד יַעְרוֺ, figurative of Assyr.), Jer 21:14; Ezek 21:2; Ezek 21:3 (see below) Ps 83:15.
\ \ d. opposed to כַּרְמֶל (garden-land) Isa 29:17; Isa 32:15 but also יַעַר כַּרְמִלּוֺ his garden woodland 2Kgs 19:23 = Isa 37:24, and יַעַר בְּתוֺךְ כַּרְמֶל Mic 7:14 (secluded and fertile abode for flock, figurative of people, see Che; Hi-St thinks of sacred grove).
\ \ e. = thicket, especially as symbol of desolation Hos 2:14 בָּמוֺת יער thicket-covered heights (overgrown with bushes and trees) Mic 3:12 = Jer 26:18 also בַּיַּעַר בּעֲרַב Isa 21:13 in the thicket (or bushes, so VB) in Arabia must ye lodge, caravans of Dedanites. feminine עֲצֵי (ה)יער trees of the forest Isa 7:2 (in sim), Isa 10:19 (יַעְרוֺ שְׁאָר עֵץ, figurative), Isa 44:14; Ezek 15:2, also vEzek 15:6 (עֵץ היער), Song 2:3 (in simile); figurative, as singing before ׳י Ps 96:12 = 1Chr 16:33; Isa 44:23 (יער וְכָלעֵֿץ בּוֺ).
\ \ g. particular forests are: יער אפרים 2Sam 18:6, see אֶפְרַיִם above; compare v2Sam 18:18 v2Sam 18:17 (see also Josh 17:15; Josh 17:18); יַעַר חָ֑רֶת 1Sam 22:5 (see above); יַעַר לְבָנוֺן (see above); יַעַר הַשָּׂדֶה נֶגֶב and יַעַר הַנָּגֶב Ezek 21:2; Ezek 21:3 (see above) figurative of Judah (land and people); see also יְעָרִים below — שְׂדֵיָֿ֑ יעַר Ps 132:6 is a proper name, of a location (but Bae thinks appellative 'auf waldigem Gefilcle'), see קִרְיַת יְעָרִים. On 1Sam 14:25; 1Sam 14:26, see II. יער. — יעורים Ezek 34:25 Kt, read יְעָרִים Qr, see above

The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon
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