G3986 πειρασμός - Strong's Greek Lexicon Number

LSJ Gloss:
trial, temptation
trial, testing, temptation
(a) trial, probation, testing, being tried, (b) temptation, (c) calamity, affliction.
a putting to proof (by experiment (of good), experience (of evil), solicitation, discipline or provocation); by implication, adversity
Derivation: from G3985;

KJV Usage: temptation, X try.

πειρασμός, -οῦ, ὁ
(< πειράζω), [in LXX for מַסָּה, עִנְיָן ;]
__1. = πεῖρα, an experiment Diosc.).
__2. a trial, of ethical purpose and effect, whether good or evil (see Hort on Jas.1:13)
__(a) in good or neutral sense:
Refs Gal.4:14, Jas.1:12, 1Pe.4:12
; esp. of afflictions sent by God (
Refs Deu.7:19, Sir.21:1-28, al.): 2Pe.2:9, Rev.3:10
; pl.,
Refs Luk.22:28, Act.20:19, Jas.1:2, 1Pe.1:6
__(b) of trial regarded as leading to sin, temptation:
Refs Luk.8:13, 1Co.10:13, 1Ti.6:9
; of the temptation of Jesus by the devil, Luk.4:13; εἰσφέρειν (ἔρχεσθαι, εἰσέρχ-) εἰς π.,
Refs Mat.6:13 26:41, Mrk.14:38, Luk.11:4 22:40, 46
__(with) of the testing or challenge of God by man (see: πειράζω, 3, with) : Heb.3:8 (LXX: Psa.95:9, where κατα τ. ἡμέραν πειρασμοῦ = מַסָּה the day of Massah).†
SYN.: δοκίμιον (AS)
1) an experiment, attempt, trial, proving
1a) trial, proving: the trial made of you by my bodily condition, since condition served as to test the love of the Galatians toward Paul (Gal.
1b) the trial of man's fidelity, integrity, virtue, constancy
1b1) an enticement to sin, temptation, whether arising from the desires or from the outward circumstances
1b2) an internal temptation to sin
1b2a) of the temptation by which the devil sought to divert Jesus the Messiah from his divine errand
1b3) of the condition of things, or a mental state, by which we are enticed to sin, or to a lapse from the faith and holiness
1b4) adversity, affliction, trouble: sent by God and serving to test or prove one's character, faith, holiness
1c) temptation (i.e. trial) of God by men
1c1) rebellion against God, by which his power and justice are, as it were, put to the proof and challenged to show themselves

From G3985; a putting to proof (by experiment [of good], experience [of evil], solicitation, discipline or provocation); by implication adversity

KJV Usage: temptation, X try.

View how G3986 πειρασμός is used in the Bible

21 occurrences of G3986 πειρασμός

Matthew 6:13 temptation,
Matthew 26:41 temptation:
Mark 14:38 temptation.
Luke 4:13 the temptation,
Luke 8:13 of temptation
Luke 11:4 temptation;
Luke 22:28 temptations.
Luke 22:40 temptation.
Luke 22:46 temptation.
Acts 20:19 temptations,
1 Corinthians 10:13 temptation
1 Corinthians 10:13 the temptation
Galatians 4:14 temptation
1 Timothy 6:9 temptation
Hebrews 3:8 of temptation
James 1:2 temptations;
James 1:12 temptation:
1 Peter 1:6 temptations:
1 Peter 4:12 try
2 Peter 2:9 temptations,
Revelation 3:10 temptation,

Distinct usage

3 temptation.
3 temptation
2 temptation:
2 of temptation
2 temptation,
2 temptations,
1 temptation;
1 temptations.
1 the temptation
1 temptations;
1 temptations:
1 try
1 the temptation,

Corresponding Hebrew Words

peirasmos H4531 massah
peirasmos H6045 inyan

Related words

G3986 πειρασμός

G3985 πειράζω

From G3984; to test (objectively), that is, endeavor, scrutinize, entice, discipline

KJV Usage: assay, examine, go about, prove, tempt (-er), try.

G1598 ἐκπειράζω
From G1537 and G3985; to test thoroughly

KJV Usage: tempt.