Adulterer (-ess), Adulterous, Adultery - Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words

Adulterer (-ess), Adulterous, Adultery

[ A-1,Noun,G3432, moichos ]
denotes one who has unlawful intercourse with the spouse of another," Luke 18:11; 1 Corinthians 6:9; Hebrews 13:4. As to James 4:4, See below.

[ A-2,Noun,G3428, moichalis ]
"an adulteress," is used
(a) in the natural sense, 2 Peter 2:14; Romans 7:3;
(b) in the spiritual sense, James 4:4; here the RV rightly omits the word "adulterers." It was added by a copyist. As in Israel the breach of their relationship with God through their idolatry, was described as "adultery" or "harlotry" (e.g., Ezekiel 16:15 ff.; Ezekiel 23:43), so believers who cultivate friendship with the world, thus breaking their spiritual union with Christ, are spiritual "adulteresses," having been spiritually united to Him as wife to husband, Romans 7:4. It is used adjectivally to describe the Jewish people in transferring their affections from God, Matthew 12:39; Matthew 16:4; Mark 8:38. In 2 Peter 2:14, the lit. translation is "full of an adulteress" (RV, marg.).

[ A-3,Noun,G3430, moicheia ]
"adultery," is found in Matthew 15:19; Mark 7:21; John 8:3 (AV only).

[ B-1,Verb,G3429, moichao ]
used in the Middle Voice in the NT, is said of men in Matthew 5:32; Matthew 19:9; Mark 10:11; of women in Mark 10:10.

[ B-2,Verb,G3431, moicheuo ]
is used in Matthew 5:27-Matthew 5:28, Matthew 5:32 (in Matthew 5:32 some texts have No. 1); Matthew 19:18; Mark 10:19; Luke 16:18; Luke 18:20; John 8:4; Romans 2:22; Romans 13:9; James 2:11; in Revelation 2:22, metaphorically, of those who are by a Jezebel's solicitations drawn away to idolatry.

Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words