Blood - Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words


[ A-1,Noun,G129, haima ]
(hence Eng., prefix haem,), besides its natural meaning, stands,
(a) in conjunction with sarx, flesh," "flesh and blood," Matthew 16:17; 1 Corinthians 15:50; Galatians 1:16; the original has the opposite order, blood and flesh, in Ephesians 6:12; Hebrews 2:14; this phrase signifies, by synecdoche, "man, human beings." It stresses the limitations of humanity; the two are essential elements in man's physical being; "the life of the flesh is in the blood," Leviticus 17:11;
(b) for human generation, John 1:13;
(c) for "blood" shed by violence, e.g., Matthew 23:35; Revelation 17:6;
(d) for the "blood" of sacrificial victims, e.g., Hebrews 9:7; of the "blood" of Christ, which betokens His death by the shedding of His "blood" in expiatory sacrifice; to drink His "blood" is to appropriate the saving effects of His expiatory death, John 6:53. As "the life of the flesh is in the blood," Leviticus 17:11, and was forfeited by sin, life eternal can be imparted only by the expiation made, in the giving up of the life by the sinless Savior.

[ A-2,Noun,G130, haimatekchusia ]
denotes "shedding of blood," Hebrews 9:22 (haima, "blood," ekchuno, "to pour out, shed").

[ B-1,Verb,G131, haimorrhoeo ]
from haima, "blood," rheo, "to flow" (Eng., "hemorrhage"), signifies "to suffer from a flow of blood," Matthew 9:20.


(1) In Mark 5:25; Luke 8:43, different constructions are used, the translations respectively being "having a flowing of blood" and "being in (i.e., with) a flowing of blood."

(2) In Acts 17:26 (RV, "of one;" AV, "of one blood"), the most authentic mss. do not contain the noun haima, "blood." So with the phrase "through His blood," in Colossians 1:14.

(3) For "bloody flux" in Acts 28:8, AV, See DYSENTERY (RV).

Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words