Disobedience, Disobedient - Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words

Disobedience, Disobedient

[ 1,,G543, apeitheia ]
lit., the condition of being unpersuadable" (a, negative, peitho, "to persuade"), denotes "obstinacy, obstinate rejection of the will of God;" hence, "disobedience;" Ephesians 2:2; Ephesians 5:6; Colossians 3:6, and in the RV of Romans 11:30, Romans 11:32 and Hebrews 4:6, Hebrews 4:11 (for AV, "unbelief"), speaking of Israel, past and present. See UNBELIEF.

[ 2,,G3876, parakoe ]
primarily, "hearing amiss" (para, "aside," akouo, "to hear"), hence signifies "a refusal to hear;" hence, "an act of disobedience," Romans 5:19; 2 Corinthians 10:6; Hebrews 2:2. It is broadly to be distinguished from No. 1, as an act from a condition, though parakoe itself is the effect, in transgression, of the condition of failing or refusing to hear. Carelessness in attitude is the precursor of actual "disobedience." In the OT "disobedience" is frequently described as "a refusing to hear," e.g., Jeremiah 11:10; Jeremiah 35:17; cp. Acts 7:57. See Trench, Syn. xvi.

[ A-1,Adjective,G545, apeithes ]
akin to A, No. 1, signifies "unwilling to be persuaded, spurning belief, disobedient," Luke 1:17; Acts 26:19; Romans 1:30; 2 Timothy 3:2; Titus 1:16; Titus 3:3.

Note: In 1 Timothy 1:9 anupotaktos, "insubordinate, unsubjected" (a, negative, n, euphonic, hupo, "under," tasso, "to order"), is translated "disobedient" in the AV; the RV has "unruly," as in Titus 1:6, Titus 1:10; in Hebrews 2:8, "not subject" (RV), "not put under" (AV). See PUT, UNRULY.

[ B-1,Verb,G544, apeitheo ]
akin to A, No. 1, and B, "to refuse to be persuaded, to refuse belief, to be disobedient," is translated "disobedient," or by the verb "to be disobedient," in the RV of Acts 14:2 (AV, "unbelieving"), and Acts 19:9 (AV, "believed not"); it is absent from the most authentic mss. in Acts 17:5; in John 3:36 "obeyeth not," RV (AV, "believeth not"); in Romans 2:8 "obey not;" in Romans 10:21, "disobedient;" in Romans 11:30-Romans 11:31, "were disobedient" (AV, "have not believed"); so in Romans 15:31; Hebrews 3:18; Hebrews 11:31; in 1 Peter 2:8, "disobedient;" so in 1 Peter 3:20; in 1 Peter 3:1; 1 Peter 4:17, "obey not." In 1 Peter 2:7 the best mss. have apisteo, "to disbelieve." See OBEY, B, No. 4, UNBELIEVING.

Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words