Part (Noun, a portion; Verb, to give or divide, partake) - Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words

Part (Noun, a portion; Verb, to give or divide, partake)

[ A-1,Noun,G3313, meros ]
(a) a part, portion," of the whole, e.g., John 13:8; Revelation 20:6; Revelation 22:19; hence, "a lot" or "destiny," e.g., Revelation 21:8; in Matthew 24:51; Luke 12:46, "portion;"
(b) "a part" as opposite to the whole, e.g., Luke 11:36; John 19:23; John 21:6, "side;" Acts 5:2; Acts 23:6; Ephesians 4:16; Revelation 16:19; a party, Acts 23:9; the divisions of a province, e.g., Matthew 2:22; Acts 2:10; the regions belonging to a city, e.g., Matthew 15:21, RV, "parts" (AV, "coasts"); Matthew 16:13 (ditto); Mark 8:10, AV and RV, "parts;" "the lower parts of the earth," Ephesians 4:9; this phrase means the regions beneath the earth (See LOWER, A, No. 1);
(c) "a class," or "category" (with en, in, "in respect of"), Colossians 2:16; "in this respect," 2 Corinthians 3:10; 2 Corinthians 9:3, RV (AV, "in this behalf"). See BEHALF, COAST, CRAFT, PIECE, PORTION, RESPECT.

[ A-2,Noun,G3310, meris ]
(a) "a part" or "portion," Luke 10:42; Acts 8:21; 2 Corinthians 6:15 (RV, "portion"); in Colossians 1:12, "partakers," lit., "unto the part of;"
(b) "a district" or "division," Acts 16:12, RV, "district" (AV, "part"). See DISTRICT, PARTAKER.

[ A-3,Noun,G2824, klima ]
primarily "an incline, slope" (Eng., "clime, climate"), is used of "a region," Romans 15:23, AV, "parts" (RV, "regions"); 2 Corinthians 11:10, AV and RV, "regions;" Galatians 1:21 (ditto). See REGION.

[ A-4,Noun,G2078, eschatos ]
an adjective signifying "last, utmost, extreme," is often used as a noun; in Acts 13:47, RV, "uttermost part" (AV, "ends"). See END, LAST, LOWEST, UTTERMOST.

[ A-5,Noun,G5117, topos ]
"a place," is translated "parts" in Acts 16:3, RV (AV, "quarters"). See PLACE, etc. The plural of the article, followed first by the particle men, "indeed," and then by de, "but," is translated "part ... and part" in Acts 14:4.

[ A-6,Noun,G4009, peras ]
"an end, boundary," is translated "utmost parts" in the AV of Matthew 12:42; Luke 11:31. See END, A, No. 3.


(1) Meros is used with certain perpositions in adverbial phrases,
(a) with ana, used distributively, 1 Corinthians 14:27, "in turn," RV, AV, "by course;"
(b) with kata, "according to," Hebrews 9:5, RV, "severally" (AV, "particularly");
(c) with apo, "from," "in part," Romans 11:25; 2 Corinthians 1:14; 2 Corinthians 2:5 (See also MEASURE);
(d) with ek, "from," 1 Corinthians 13:9-10, 1 Corinthians 13:12; in 1 Corinthians 12:27, RV, "severally," marg., "each in his part" (AV, "in particular").

(2) In Mark 4:38; Acts 27:41, AV, prumna, "a stern," is translated "hinder part" (RV, "stern").

(3) In Acts 1:17, AV, kleros, "a lot," is translated "part" (RV, "portion;" marg., "lot"), of that portion allotted to Judas in the ministry of the Twelve. See INHERITANCE, LOT.

(4) In Acts 1:25, where the best mss. have topos, "a place," RV, "(to take) the place (in this ministry)," some texts have kleros, which the AV translates "part."

(5) In Mark 9:40, AV, the preposition huper, "on behalf of," is translated "on (our) part," RV, "for (us)."

(6) In 1 Peter 4:14, AV, "on (their) part," "on (your) part," represents the preposition kata, "according to," followed by the personal pronouns; the statements are not found in the most authentic mss.

(7) In Acts 9:32, AV, the phrase dia panton, lit., "through all," is rendered "throughout all quarters" (RV, "throughout all parts").

(8) In 1 Corinthians 12:23, the RV has "parts" for "members;" AV and RV have "parts" in the end of the verse; See also 1 Corinthians 12:24.

(9) In 2 Corinthians 10:16, the RV translates the neuter plural of the article "the parts" (AV, "the regions").
(10) For "inward part" See INWARD.

[ B-1,Verb,G3307, merizo ]
"to divide, to distribute" (akin to A, No. 1), is translated "divided (AV, gave) a ... part" in Hebrews 7:2, RV. See DEAL.

[ B-2,Verb,G3348, metecho ]
"to partake of, share in," Hebrews 2:14, See PARTAKE.

[ B-3,Verb,G3854, paraginomai ]
"to be beside, support" (para, "beside," ginomai, "to become"), is rendered "took (my) part" in 2 Timothy 4:16 (AV, "stood with"); some mss. have sunparaginomai. See COME, No. 13, GO, PRESENT (to be).


(1) In Revelation 6:8, tetartos, "a fourth," is rendered "the fourth part."


Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words