BDB8670 [H7926 H7929 H7927]

I. שְׁכֶם noun masculineZeph 3:9 shoulder; — absolute ׳שׁ Gen 48:2 +, שְׁכֶ֑ם Gen 33:19 +, שֶׁ֑כֶם Ps 21:13 (whence original *šakm inferred Ol§ 147 a near the end Sta§ 199 a; but ֶ֯ derived from ִ֯ before כ, BaNB 104 ii.l.67, 506); construct שְׁכֶם Gen 9:23 suffix שִׁכְמוֺ Gen 49:15 +, שִׁכְמָה (for שִׁכְמָהּ Ges«GKC:91e»§ 91e) Job 31:22, etc.; —

1. shoulder (sometimes including back of neck; כתף = shoulder-blade):
\ \ a. as bearing burdens, לִסְבֹּל ׳וַיֵּט שׁ Gen 49:15 (poem in J; Issachar under figure of ass), compare Gen 21:14 (E), Gen 24:15; Gen 24:45; Exod 12:34, also Gen 9:23 (all J), Josh 4:5 (E), Judg 9:48; Isa 10:27 (|| צַוָּאר), Isa 14:25 (both figurative), Ps 81:7, so, metaphorical, of responsibility of rule Isa 9:5; Isa 22:22= (symbolized by key), of accusation as (easy) burden Job 31:36 figurative also אֶחָד ׳לְעָבְדוֺ שׁ Zeph 3:9 to serve him (with) one shoulder (as one man), of. Syriac .
\ \ b. in statement of Saul's height, מִשִּׁכְמוֺ וָמַ֫עְלָה גָּכֹהַּ מִכָּלהָֿעָם1Sam 9:2, compare 1Sam 10:23 and (with play on proper name, of a location שְׁכֶם) אַהַד עַלאַֿחֶיךָ ׳נָתַתִּי לְךָ שׁ Gen 48:22 (E; compare Dr).
2. in general back: כְּהַפְנֹתוֺ שִׁכְמוֺ לָלֶכֶת מֵעִם 1Sam 10:9 so ׳תְּשִׁיתֵמוֺ שׁ Ps 21:13, i.e. make them turn (in flight; compare וְאוֺיְבַי נָתַתָּה לִי עֹרֶף, Ps 18:41); as beaten ׳מַטֵּה שׁ Isa 9:3 (|| שֵׁבֶט הַנֹּנֵשׂ בּוֺ); more anatomical תִפּוֺל ׳כְּתֵפִי מִשּׁ Job 31:22 let my shoulder blade fall from its back. — Hos 6:9 see II. שְׁכֶם below

שִׁכְמָה see foregoing.

The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon
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Source: provided by Tim Morton, the developer of Bible Analyzer