BDB919 [H914]

[בָּדַל] verb be divided, separate (Arabic change, substitute, Mishna בָּדַל divide, Syriac Ithpe`el, Ethpe`el) —

Hiph`il divide, separate; Perfect הִבְדִּיל Num 16:9; Deut 10:8 suffix וְהִבְדִּילוֺ consecutive Deut 29:20 3 feminine singular וְהִבְדִּילָה Exod 26:33 וְהִבְדַּלְתָּ Num 8:14 הִבְדִּילוּ Ezek 22:26, etc. Imperfect יַבְדִּיל Lev 1:17 +; וַיַּבְדֵּל Gen 1:4; Gen 1:7; 1Chr 25:1 suffix יַבְדִּילַנִי Isa 56:3 וָאַבְדִּל Lev 20:26 וָאַבְדִּילָה Ezra 8:24, etc.; Infinitive absolute הַבְדֵּל Isa 56:3 construct לְהַבְדִּיל Gen 1:14 +; Participle מַבְדִּיל Gen 1:6 מַבְדִּילִים Isa 59:2
1. divide, separate, subject God Gen 1:4 followed by וּבֵין....בֵּין between light and darkness, compare vGen 1:7 subject heavenly bodies vGen 1:14 vGen 1:18 subject firmament followed by בֵּיןלְ֗֗֗ Gen 1:6 (all in P's source); Exod 26:33 of the פָּרֹכֶת in tabernacle, followed by בֵּיןוּ֗֗֗בֵין֗֗֗ לָכֶם; of iniquities, separating men from God בֵּין ֗֗֗ לְבֵין Isa 59:2.
2. separate, set apart, followed by מִן, of ׳י, setting off Israel from other peoples Lev 20:24 (H) Num 16:9 (P); Lev 20:26 followed by also לִהְיוֺת לִי; compare 1Kgs 8:53 לְךָ לְנַחֲלָה ׳הִבְדּ separate them to thyself as an inheritance; of Moses, setting apart Levites, followed by מִתּוֺח Num 8:14 of separating an individual from the people, i.e. excluding him Deut 29:20, followed by also לְרָעָה; followed by מֵעַל Isa 56:3 (twice in verse), i.e. excluding him; compare also Neh 13:3 followed by מִן; of setting apart (forbidding) beasts as unclean לָכֶם לְטַמֵּא Lev 20:25 of setting apart the tribe of Levi ׳לָשֵׂאת וגו Deut 10:8 (subject ׳י); compare also (hum. subject) 1Chr 25:1, followed by לַעֲבֹדָה, 2Chr 25:10 followed by Infinitive; similarly Ezra 8:24 even followed by participle Ezek 39:14 they shall set apart men עֹבְרִים, i.e. to pass through, or, men that shall pass through (RV); so of setting apart cities, accusative Deut 4:41 compare Deut 19:2; Deut 19:7.
3. make a distinction between clean and unclean, holy and profane, followed by בֵּיןוּ֗֗֗בֵין Lev 20:25 (H); Lev 10:10; Lev 11:47 (both P); followed by בֵּיןלְ֗֗֗ Ezek 22:26; Ezek 42:20.
4. divide into parts Lev 1:17; Lev 5:8 (P), prohibited in case of fowls offered in sacrifice. Niph`al Perfect נִבְדְּלוּ 1Chr 12:8; Ezra 9:1 Imperfect יִבָּדֵל Ezra 10:8 וַיִּבָּדֵל 1Chr 23:13 וַיִּבָּֽדְלוּ Ezra 10:16; Neh 9:2 Imperative הִבָּֽדְלוּ Num 16:21; Ezra 10:11 Participle נִבְדָּל Ezra 6:21; Neh 10:29.
1. (reflexive of Hiph`il 2)
\ \ a. separate oneself from people of the land, heathen, and their practices, also from non-Jewish wives, followed by מִן Ezra 6:21; Ezra 9:1; Ezra 10:11; Neh 9:2 absolute in same sense Ezra 10:16 (compare StaG. ii. 199 & 179 n. WlPharisäer u. Sadd. 76).
\ \ b. withdraw from (Moses & Aaron from Israel) Num 16:21 (P), followed by מִתּוֺח.
\ \ c. separate oneself unto (אֶל) David 1Chr 12:8.
\ \ d. Neh 10:29 combines
\ \ a. &
\ \ c. separate oneself מֵעַמֵּי הָֽאֲרָצוֺת אֶלתּֿוֺרַת הָאֱלֹהִים.
2. passive, be separated.
\ \ a. be excluded from the people, followed by מִן Ezra 10:8.
\ \ b. be set apart, of Aaron, followed by לְהַקְדִּישׁוֺ 1Chr 23:13. — On הבדיל, & distinction from הפריד see DrJPhoenician xi. 219.

The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon
License: Public domain document; formatting developed for use in by Eliran Wong.
Source: provided by Tim Morton, the developer of Bible Analyzer