Humble (Adjective and Verb) - Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words

Humble (Adjective and Verb)

[ A-1,Adjective,G5011, tapeinos ]
primarily signifies low-lying." It is used always in a good sense in the NT, metaphorically, to denote
(a) "of low degree, brought low," Luke 1:52; Romans 12:16, AV, "(men) of low estate," RV, "(things that are) lowly" (i.e., of low degree); 2 Corinthians 7:6, AV, "cast down," RV, "lowly;" the preceding context shows that this occurrence belongs to
(a); James 1:9, "of low degree;"
(b) humble in spirit, Matthew 11:29; 2 Corinthians 10:1, RV, "lowly," AV "base;" James 4:6; 1 Peter 5:5. See BASE, CAST, Note
(7), DEGREE (Note), LOWLY.

[ A-2,Adjective,5011 G5424, tapeinophron ]
"humble-minded" (phren, "the mind"), 1 Peter 3:8; See COURTEOUS.

[ B-1,Verb,G5013, tapeinoo ]
akin to A, signifies "to make low,"
(a) literally, "of mountains and hills," Luke 3:5 (Passive Voice);
(b) metaphorically, in the Active Voice, Matthew 18:4; Matthew 23:12 (2nd part); Luke 14:11 (2nd part); Luke 18:14 (2nd part); 2 Corinthians 11:7 ("abasing"); 2 Corinthians 12:21; Philippians 2:8; in the Passive Voice, Matthew 23:12 (1st part), RV, "shall be humbled," AV, "shall be abased;" Luke 14:11 (ditto); Luke 18:14 (ditto); Philippians 4:12, "to be abased;" in the Passive, with Middle voice sense, James 4:10, "humble yourselves;" 1 Peter 5:6 (ditto). See ABASE, LOW (to bring).

Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words