G3985 πειράζω - Strong's Greek Lexicon Number

LSJ Gloss:
to make proof
I try, tempt, test.
to test (objectively), i.e. endeavor, scrutinize, entice, discipline
Derivation: from G3984;

KJV Usage: assay, examine, go about, prove, tempt(-er), try.

to test/tempt
πειράζω poët. and late prose form of πειράω, which see,
[in LXX for נָסָה pi. ;]
__1. to make proof of (Hom.).
__2. to try, attempt (Luc., Polyb., with inf. (see M, Pr., 205; B1., § 69, 4),
Refs Act.9:26 16:7 24:6
__3. In LXX and NT, like Heb. נָסָה, with accusative of person(s), to test, try, prove;
__(a) in a good sense :
Refs Jhn.6:6, 2Co.13:5, Heb.11:17, Rev.2:2
; esp. of trials and af6ictions sent or permitted by God (
Refs Gen.22:1, Exo.20:20, Wis.3:5, al.), 1Co.10:13, Heb.2:18 4:15 11:17, 37, Rev.3:10
__(b) in a bad sense (Apoll. Rhod., 3, 10): of the attempts made to ensnare Jesus in his speech,
Refs Mat.16:1 19:3 22:18, 35 Mrk.8:11 10:2 12:15, Luk.11:16, Jhn.8:6
; of temptation to sin, to tempt, Jas.1:13-14 (see Hort, in l),
Refs Gal.6:1, Rev.2:10
; esp. of temptations of the devil,
Refs Mat.4:1, 3 Mrk.1:13, Luk.4:2, 1Co.7:5, 1Th.3:5
; ὁ πειράζων, the tempter,
Refs Mat.4:3, 1Th.3:5
__(with) in bad sense also (
Refs Exo.17:2, 7, Num.14:22, al.
), of distrustful testing, trying or challenging of God:
Refs Act.15:10, 1Co.10:9
(WH, mg., ἐξεπείρασαν), Heb.3:9; τ. πνεῦμα Κυρίου, Act.5:9 (of. ἐκ-πειράζω).†
SYN.: δοκιμάζω, q.v (AS)
1) to try whether a thing can be done
1a) to attempt, endeavour
2) to try, make trial of, test: for the purpose of ascertaining his quantity, or what he thinks, or how he will behave himself
2a) in a good sense
2b) in a bad sense, to test one maliciously, craftily to put to the proof his feelings or judgments
2c) to try or test one's faith, virtue, character, by enticement to sin
2c1) to solicit to sin, to tempt
1c1a) of the temptations of the devil
2d) after the OT usage
2d1) of God: to inflict evils upon one in order to prove his character and the steadfastness of his faith
2d2) men are said to tempt God by exhibitions of distrust, as though they wished to try whether he is not justly distrusted
2d3) by impious or wicked conduct to test God's justice and patience, and to challenge him, as it were to give proof of his perfections.

From G3984; to test (objectively), that is, endeavor, scrutinize, entice, discipline

KJV Usage: assay, examine, go about, prove, tempt (-er), try.

View how G3985 πειράζω is used in the Bible

First 30 of 42 occurrences of G3985 πειράζω

Matthew 4:1 to be tested
Matthew 4:3 testing
Matthew 16:1 tempting
Matthew 19:3 tempting
Matthew 22:18 tempt ye
Matthew 22:35 him a question, tempting
Mark 1:13 tempted
Mark 8:11 tempting
Mark 10:2 tempting
Mark 12:15 tempt ye
Luke 4:2 Being
Luke 4:2 tempted
Luke 11:16 tempting
Luke 20:23 tempt ye
John 6:6 to test
John 8:6 tempting
Acts 5:9 to tempt
Acts 15:10 tempt ye
Acts 16:7 they tried
Acts 24:6 hath gone about
1 Corinthians 7:5 tempt
1 Corinthians 10:9 tempted,
1 Corinthians 10:13 to be tempted
2 Corinthians 13:5 Examine
Galatians 6:1 be tempted.
1 Thessalonians 3:5 the tempter
1 Thessalonians 3:5 may have tempted
Hebrews 2:18 being tempted,
Hebrews 2:18 them that are tempted.
Hebrews 3:9 tempted

Distinct usage

6 tempting
4 tempt ye
4 tempted
1 him a question, tempting
1 Being
1 to test
1 they tried
1 hath gone about
1 to be tempted
1 being tempted,
1 them that are tempted.
1 when he was tried,
1 the tempter
1 may have tempted
1 being tested
1 I am tested
1 testeth
1 he
1 to be tested
1 testing
1 is tested,
1 ye may be tested;
1 were tempted,
1 thou hast tested
1 to tempt
1 tempted,
1 Examine
1 to try
1 tempt
1 who was
1 be tempted.

Corresponding Hebrew Words

peirazo H5254 nasah pi.

Related words

G3985 πειράζω

G1598 ἐκπειράζω
From G1537 and G3985; to test thoroughly

KJV Usage: tempt.

G3986 πειρασμός
From G3985; a putting to proof (by experiment [of good], experience [of evil], solicitation, discipline or provocation); by implication adversity

KJV Usage: temptation, X try.

G3984 πεῖρα

From the base of G4008 (through the idea of piercing); a test, that is, attempt, experience

KJV Usage: assaying, trial.

G552 ἄπειρος
From G1 (as a negative particle) and G3984; inexperienced, that is, ignorant

KJV Usage: unskilful.

G3987 πειράω
From G3984; to test (subjectively), that is, (reflexively) to attempt

KJV Usage: assay.

G4198 πορεύομαι
Middle voice from a derivative of the same as G3984; to traverse, that is, travel (literally or figuratively; especially to remove [figuratively die ], live, etc.)

KJV Usage: depart, go (away, forth, one’s way, up), (make a, take a) journey, walk.

G5005 ταλαίπωρος
From the base of G5007 and a derivative of the base of G3984; enduring trial, that is, miserable

KJV Usage: wretched.