H8104 שׁמר - Strong's Hebrew Lexicon Number

A primitive root; properly to hedge about (as with thorns), that is, guard; generally to protect, attend to, etc.

KJV Usage: beware, be circumspect, take heed (to self), keep (-er, self), mark, look narrowly, observe, preserve, regard, reserve, save (self), sure, (that lay) wait (for), watch (-man).

Brown-Driver-Briggs' Hebrew Definitions



1. to keep, guard, observe, give heed
a. (Qal)
1. to keep, have charge of
2. to keep, guard, keep watch and ward, protect, save life 1a
b. watch, watchman (participle)
1. to watch for, wait for
2. to watch, observe
3. to keep, retain, treasure up (in memory)
4. to keep (within bounds), restrain
5. to observe, celebrate, keep (sabbath or covenant or commands), perform (vow)
6. to keep, preserve, protect
7. to keep, reserve
c. (Niphal)
1. to be on one's guard, take heed, take care, beware
2. to keep oneself, refrain, abstain
3. to be kept, be guarded
d. (Piel) to keep, pay heed
e. (Hithpael) to keep oneself from
Origin: a primitive root
TWOT: 2414
Parts of Speech: Verb

to keep
1) to keep, guard, observe, give heed
1a) (Qal)
1a1) to keep, have charge of
1a2) to keep, guard, keep watch and ward, protect, save life
1a2a) watch, watchman (participle)
1a3) to watch for, wait for
1a4) to watch, observe
1a5) to keep, retain, treasure up (in memory)
1a6) to keep (within bounds), restrain
1a7) to observe, celebrate, keep (sabbath or covenant or commands), perform (vow)
1a8) to keep, preserve, protect
1a9) to keep, reserve
1b) (Niphal)
1b1) to be on one's guard, take heed, take care, beware
1b2) to keep oneself, refrain, abstain
1b3) to be kept, be guarded
1c) (Piel) to keep, pay heed
1d) (Hithpael) to keep oneself from

View how H8104 שׁמר is used in the Bible

First 30 of 467 occurrences of H8104 שׁמר

Genesis 2:15 it and to keep
Genesis 3:24 to guard
Genesis 4:9 keeper?
Genesis 17:9 Thou shalt keep
Genesis 17:10 which ye shall keep,
Genesis 18:19 and they shall keep
Genesis 24:6 to him, Beware
Genesis 26:5 and kept
Genesis 28:15 And, behold, I am with thee, and will keep
Genesis 28:20 will be with me, and will keep me
Genesis 30:31 and keep
Genesis 31:24 to him, Take heed
Genesis 31:29 Take thou heed
Genesis 37:11 observed
Genesis 41:35 and let them keep
Exodus 10:28 from me, take heed
Exodus 12:17 And ye shall observe
Exodus 12:17 therefore shall ye observe
Exodus 12:24 And ye shall observe
Exodus 12:25 that ye shall keep
Exodus 13:10 Thou shalt therefore keep
Exodus 15:26 and keep
Exodus 16:28 ye to keep
Exodus 19:5 and keep
Exodus 19:12 Take heed
Exodus 20:6 me, and keep
Exodus 21:29 and he hath not restrained
Exodus 21:36 hath not restrained
Exodus 22:7 to keep,
Exodus 22:10 to keep;

Distinct usage

23 Keep
18 and keep
18 to keep
12 Take heed
7 and to keep
5 Thou shalt keep
5 shall keep
5 Beware
5 to observe
5 kept
5 that kept
5 and they shall keep
4 Ye shall keep
4 keeping
4 heed
4 Observe
4 who kept
4 keeper
4 keepers
4 the keeper
4 shall preserve
4 preserveth
3 and kept
3 observed
3 Thou shalt therefore keep
3 Ye shall therefore keep
3 And ye shall keep
3 Therefore shall ye keep
3 and observe
3 the keepers
3 They kept
3 he that keepeth
3 keepeth
3 And ye shall observe
2 and keep
2 me, and keep
2 Therefore shall ye observe
2 him, and keep
2 that thou mayest observe
2 For I have kept
2 Why then hast thou not kept
2 took no heed
2 that keepeth
2 Preserve
2 I have kept
2 I will keep
2 the watchman
2 but he that regardeth
2 to keep,
2 The watchmen
2 Watchman,
2 Therefore take heed
2 So shall I keep
2 who keepest
2 and have not kept
2 That they may keep
1 it and to keep
1 to guard
1 keeper?
1 which ye shall keep,

Corresponding Greek Words

shamar see G472 st. ant echo
shamar G25 agapao
shamar G189 akoe
shamar G191 akouo
shamar G1299 dia tasso
shamar G1301 dia tereo
shamar G1522 eis akouo
shamar G1685 em ballo
shamar G2043 ereido
shamar G2147 heurisko
shamar G3906 para tereo
shamar G4160 poieo
shamar G4863 sun ago
shamar G4920 sun iemi
shamar G4933 sun tereo
shamar G5083 tereo
shamar G5087 tithemi
shamar G5441 phulax
shamar G5442 phulasso
shamar ni. G2125 eulabeomai
shamar ni.,qal. G4337 pros echo
shamar qal.,ni. G1314 dia phulasso

Related words


H821 אשׁמרת אשׁמוּרה אשׁמרה 'ashmûrâh 'ashmûrâh 'ashmôreth
אשׁמרת אשׁמוּרה אשׁמרה
'ashmûrâh 'ashmûrâh 'ashmôreth
ash-moo-raw', ash-moo-raw', ash-mo'-reth
(Feminine) from H8104; a night watch

KJV Usage: watch.

H3461 ישׁמרי yishme ray
yishme ray
From H8104; preservative; Jishmerai, an Israelite

KJV Usage: Ishmerai.

H4929 משׁמר mishmâr
From H8104; a guard (the man, the post, or the prison); figuratively a deposit; also (as observed) a usage (abstractly), or an example (concretely)

KJV Usage: diligence, guard, office, prison, ward, watch.

H7763 שׁמר שׁומר shômêr shômêr
שׁמר שׁומר
shômêr shômêr
sho-mare', sho-mare'
Active participle of H8104; keeper; Shomer, the name of two Israelites

KJV Usage: Shomer.

H8068 שׁמיר shâmı̂yr
From H8104 in the original sense of pricking; a thorn; also (from its keenness for scratching) a gem, probably the diamond

KJV Usage: adamant (stone), brier, diamond.

H8105 שׁמר shemer
From H8104; something preserved, that is, the settlings (plural only) of wine

KJV Usage: dregs, (wines on the) lees.

H8107 שׁמּר shimmûr
From H8104; an observance

KJV Usage: X be (much) observed.

H8108 שׁמרה shomrâh
Feminine of an unused noun from H8104 meaning a guard; watchfulness

KJV Usage: watch.

H8109 שׁמרה she mûrâh
she mûrâh
Feminine of passive participle of H8104; something guarded, that is, an eye lid

KJV Usage: waking.

H8111 שׁמרון shôme rôn
shôme rôn
From the active participle of H8104; watch station; Shomeron, a place in Palestine

KJV Usage: Samaria.

H8114 שׁמריהוּ שׁמריה she maryâh she maryâhû
שׁמריהוּ שׁמריה
she maryâh she maryâhû
shem-ar-yaw', shem-ar-yaw'-hoo
From H8104 and H3050; Jah has guarded; Shemarjah, the name of four Israelites

KJV Usage: Shamariah, Shemariah.

H8119 שׁמרת shimrâth
From H8104; guardship; Shimrath, an Israelite

KJV Usage: Shimrath.