H8199 שׁפט - Strong's Hebrew Lexicon Number

A primitive root; to judge, that is, pronounce sentence (for or against); by implication to vindicate or punish; by extension to govern; passively to litigate (literally or figuratively)

KJV Usage: + avenge, X that condemn, contend, defend, execute (judgment), (be a) judge (-ment), X needs, plead, reason, rule.

Brown-Driver-Briggs' Hebrew Definitions



1. to judge, govern, vindicate, punish
a. (Qal)
1. to act as law-giver or judge or governor (of God, man) 1a
b. to rule, govern, judge
1. to decide controversy (of God, man)
2. to execute judgment 1a
c. discriminating (of man) 1a
d. vindicating 1a
e. condemning and punishing 1a
f. at theophanic advent for final judgment
g. (Niphal)
1. to enter into controversy, plead, have controversy together
2. to be judged
h. (Poel) judge, opponent-at-law (participle)
Origin: a primitive root
TWOT: 2443
Parts of Speech: Verb

to judge
1) to judge, govern, vindicate, punish
1a) (Qal)
1a1) to act as law-giver or judge or governor (of God, man)
1a1a) to rule, govern, judge
1a2) to decide controversy (of God, man)
1a3) to execute judgment
1a3a) discriminating (of man)
1a3b) vindicating
1a3c) condemning and punishing
1a3d) at theophanic advent for final judgment
1b) (Niphal)
1b1) to enter into controversy, plead, have controversy together
1b2) to be judged
1c) (Poel) judge, opponent-at-law (participle)

View how H8199 שׁפט is used in the Bible

First 30 of 203 occurrences of H8199 שׁפט

Genesis 16:5 judge
Genesis 18:25 from thee: Shall not the Judge
Genesis 19:9 and he will needs
Genesis 19:9 be a judge:
Genesis 31:53 judge
Exodus 2:14 and a judge
Exodus 5:21 upon you, and judge;
Exodus 18:13 to judge
Exodus 18:16 to me; and I judge
Exodus 18:22 And let them judge
Exodus 18:22 they shall judge:
Exodus 18:26 And they judged
Exodus 18:26 they judged
Leviticus 19:15 shalt thou judge
Numbers 25:5 to the judges
Numbers 35:24 shall judge
Deuteronomy 1:16 your judges
Deuteronomy 1:16 and judge
Deuteronomy 16:18 Judges
Deuteronomy 16:18 and they shall judge
Deuteronomy 17:9 and to the judge
Deuteronomy 17:12 or to the judge,
Deuteronomy 19:17 and the judges,
Deuteronomy 19:18 And the judges
Deuteronomy 21:2 and thy judges
Deuteronomy 25:1 that the judges may judge
Deuteronomy 25:2 that the judge
Joshua 8:33 and their judges,
Joshua 23:2 and for their judges,
Joshua 24:1 and for their judges,

Distinct usage

13 judge
11 to judge
6 And he judged
6 judged
5 Judges
5 and judge
4 I will judge
4 Wilt thou judge
3 judging
3 shall judge
3 And he shall judge
3 the judge
2 and thy judges
2 and for their judges,
2 and judged
2 hath avenged
2 of the judges
2 that judged
2 from my judge.
2 judgeth
2 Execute
2 shall he judge
2 and the judges,
2 he shall judge
2 and I will judge
1 from thee: Shall not the Judge
1 and he will needs
1 be a judge:
1 and a judge
1 upon you, and judge;
1 to me; and I judge
1 to the judges
1 and they shall judge
1 and to the judge
1 or to the judge,
1 And the judges
1 that the judges may judge
1 that the judge
1 to their judges,
1 she judged
1 when the judges
1 ruled,
1 And he had judged
1 and there he judged
1 they were judges
1 had judged;
1 where he might judge,
1 and judges:
1 and judges.
1 and to the judges,
1 to the judges,
1 for ye judge
1 wilt thou not judge
1 was executing judgment
1 of its judges;
1 and maketh the judges
1 seeing he judgeth
1 can he judge
1 him when he is judged.
1 is judge

Corresponding Greek Words

shaphat G757 archo
shaphat G1325 didomi
shaphat G1348 dikastes
shaphat G1377 dioko
shaphat G1557 ek dikesis
shaphat G1679 elpizo
shaphat G2186 eph istemi
shaphat G2609 kat ago
shaphat G2614 kata dioko
shaphat G2902 krateo
shaphat G2923 krites
shaphat ni. G518 ap aggello
shaphat ni. G1344 dikaioo
shaphat qal,ni G1252 dia krino
shaphat qal,ni G2920 krisis
shaphat qal.,ni. G1556 ekdikeo

Related words


H478 אלישׁפט 'ĕlı̂yshâphâṭ
From H410 and H8199; God of judgment; Elishaphat, an Israelite

KJV Usage: Elishaphat.

H3092 יהושׁפט ye hôshâphâṭ
ye hôshâphâṭ
From H3068 and H8199; Jehovah-judged; Jehoshaphat, the name of six Israelites; also of a valley near Jerusalem

KJV Usage: Jehoshaphat.

Compare H3146.

H4941 משׁפּט mishpâṭ
From H8199; properly a verdict (favorable or unfavorable) pronounced judicially, especially a sentence or formal decree (human or (particularly) divine law, individual or collectively), including the act, the place, the suit, the crime, and the penalty; abstractly justice, including a particular right, or privilege (statutory or customary), or even a style

KJV Usage: + adversary, ceremony, charge, X crime, custom, desert, determination, discretion, disposing, due, fashion, form, to be judged, judgment, just (-ice, -ly), (manner of) law (-ful), manner, measure, (due) order, ordinance, right, sentence, usest, X worthy, + wrong.

H8196 שׁפוּט שׁפוט she phôṭ she phûṭ
שׁפוּט שׁפוט
she phôṭ she phûṭ
shef-ote', shef-oot'
From H8199; a judicial sentence, that is, punishment

KJV Usage: judgment.

H8200 שׁפט she phaṭ
she phaṭ
(Chaldee); corresponding to H8199; to judge

KJV Usage: magistrate.

H8201 שׁפט shepheṭ
From H8199; a sentence, that is, infliction

KJV Usage: judgment.

H8202 שׁפט shâphâṭ
From H8199; judge; Shaphat, the name of four Israelites

KJV Usage: Shaphat.

H8203 שׁפטיהוּ שׁפטיה she phaṭyâh she phaṭyâhû
שׁפטיהוּ שׁפטיה
she phaṭyâh she phaṭyâhû
shef-at-yaw', shef-at-yaw'-hoo
From H8199 and H3050; Jah has judged; Shephatjah, the name of ten Israelites

KJV Usage: Shephatiah.

H8204 שׁפטן shiphṭân
From H8199; judge like; Shiphtan, an Israelite.

H8614 תּפתּי tiphtay
(Chaldee), perhaps from H8199; judicial, that is, a lawyer

KJV Usage: sheriff.