properly, meaning superimposition (of time, place, order, etc.), as a relation of distribution (with the genitive case), i.e. over, upon, etc.; of rest (with the dative case) at, on, etc.; of direction (with the accusative case) towards, upon, etc. Derivation: a primary preposition;
KJV Usage: about (the times), above, after, against, among, as long as (touching), at, beside, X have charge of, (be-, (where-))fore, in (a place, as much as, the time of, -to), (because) of, (up-)on (behalf of), over, (by, for) the space of, through(-out), (un-)to(-ward), with.
In compounds it retains essentially the same import, at, upon, etc. (literally or figuratively).
ἐπί (before a smooth breathing ἐπ᾽, before a rough breathing ἐφ᾽), prep. with genitive, dative, accusative (accusative most freq. in NT), with primary sense of superposition, on, upon. __I. C. genitive, __1. of place, answering the question, where? __(a) of the place on which, on, upon: ἐπὶ (τ.) γῆς, Refs Mat.6:10, 19, al.; τ. κεφαλῆς, 1Co.11:10; τ. νεφελῶν, Mat.24:3o, al.; like ἐν, in constr. praegn. after verbs of motion: βάλλειν, Mrk.4:26; σπείρειν, ib. 31; ἔρχεσθαι, Heb.6:7, al.; fig., ἐπ᾽ ἀληθείας (MM, see word ἀ.); of the subject of thought or speech, Gal.3:16; of power or authority, over, πάντων, Rom.9:5: τ. γάζης, Act.8:27; ἐξουσία, Refs Rev.2:26 20:6; __(b) of vicinity, at, by: τ. θαλάσσης, Jhn.6:9; τ. ὁδοῦ, Mat.21:19; τοῦ βάτου, Mrk.12:26 (see Swete, in l.); with genitive of person(s), in the presence of, before, Refs Mat.28:14, Act.23:30, 1Co.6:1, al. __2. Of time, __(a) with genitive of person(s), in the time of: ἐπὶ Ἐλισαίου, Luk.4:27; ἐπὶ Κλαυδίου, Act.11:28; ἐπὶ Ἀβιάθαρ ἀρχιερέως, when A. was high priest, Mrk.2:26; __(b) with genitive of thing(s), at, at the time of: Refs Mat.1:11, Heb.1:2, 2Pe.3:3; ἐπὶ τ. προσευχῶν, Refs Rom.1:10, Eph.1:16, 1Th.1:2, Phm 4. __II. C. dative, of place, answering the question, where? __(a) lit., on, upon: Refs Mat.9:16, 14:8, al.; after verbs of motion (see supr., I, 1, (a)), Refs Mat.9:16 Act.8:16; above, Luk.23:38; at, by, Refs Mrk.13:29, Jhn.5:2, Act.5:9, al.; __(b) metaph., upon, on the ground of, Luk.4:4 (LXX); in the matter of, Mrk.6:52 (see Swete, in l.); upon, of, concerning, Refs Act.5:35, 40; of the ground, reason or motive (Bl., §38, 2; 43, 3), Refs Mat.18:3 19:9, Rom.12:12, al.; ἐφ᾽ ᾧ, for the reason that, because, Refs Rom.5:12 2Co.5:4; after verbs of motion, over, Refs Mat.18:13, Rom.16:19, al.; of a condition (cl.), Refs Rom.8:20, 1Co.9:10; ἐπὶ δυσὶ μάρτυσιν (see Westc. on Refs Heb.9:10), Heb.10:28; of purpose or aim, Refs Eph.2:10, Php.4:10; of authority, over, Refs Mat.24:47 Luk.12:44; of hostility, with dative of person(s) (cl.), against, Luk.12:52; in addition to (cl.), 2Co.7:13; of an adjunct, in, at, on, Refs Php.1:3 2:17. __III. C. accusative, __1. of place of motion upon or over, answering the question, whither? __(a) lit., upon, over: Refs Mat.14:28, 29, Luk.5:19, al. mult.; in NT also, answering the question, where? (as with genitive, dative), Refs Mrk.4:38 11:2, Luk.2:25, Jhn.1:32; ἐπὶ τ. αὐτό, Refs Act.1:15 2:1, al.; of motion to a vicinity, to, Refs Mrk.16:2, Act.8:36, al.; __(b) metaph. (in wh. "the accusative is more widely prevalent than it strictly should be," Bl., §43, 1); of blessings, evils, etc., coming upon one, with accusative of person(s), Refs Mat.10:13 12:28, Act.2:17, Jhn.18:4, Eph.5:6, al.; of addition (dative in cl.), λύπη ἐπὶ λύπην, Php.2:27; ἐπικαλεῖν ὄνομα ἐπί (see: ἐπικαλέω), Refs Act.15:17, Jas.2:7; καλεῖν ἐπί, to call after, Luk.1:59; of number or degree: ἐπὶ τρίς (cl. εἰς τ.), thrice, Refs Act.10:16 11:10; ἐπὶ πλεῖον, the more, further, Refs Act.4:17 2Ti.2:16 3:9 (see also infr., 2, (a)); ἐφ᾽ ὅσον (see infr., ib.), forasmuch as, Refs Mat.25:40, 45, Rom.11:13; of power, authority, control, Refs Luk.1:33, Act.7:10 Rom.5:14, Heb.3:6, al.; of the direction of thoughts and feelings, unto, towards, Refs Luk.1:17 23:28, Act.9:35, 42, Rom.11:22, Gal.4:9, Eph.2:7, 1Ti.5:5, al.; of purpose, for, Refs Mat.3:7, Luk.23:48; ἐφ᾽ ὅ πάρει (Rec. ἐφ᾽ ᾧ, Mat.26:50; of hostility, against, Refs Mat.24:7, Mrk.3:24-26 10:11 13:8, Luk.9:5, Jhn.13:18, Act.7:54, 1Co.7:36, 2Co.1:23; Of reference, concerning, for (cl. usually dative), Refs Mrk.9:12 15:24, Jhn.19:24, Rom.4:9. __2. Of time, __(a) during, for: Luk.4:25 (WH, txt., omits ἐπί), Refs Act.13:31 16:18, Heb.11:30, al.; ἐφ᾽ ὅσον (χρόνον), as long as, for so long time as, Refs Mrk.9:15 Rom.7:1, al. (for ἐφ᾽ ὅ in another sense, see supr., 1, (b)); ἐφ᾽ ἱκανόν (see: ἱ), Act.20:11; ἐπὶ πλεῖον (see supr., 1, (b)), yet longer, further, Refs Act.20:9 24:4; __(b) on, about, towards (cl. εἰς): Refs Luk.10:35 Act.3:1 4:5. __IV. In composition, ἐπί signifies: up, ἐπαίρω; upon, ἐπίγειος, ἐπιδημέω, ὠπικαθίζω; towards, επιβλέπω, ὠπεκτείνω; over (of superintendence), ἐπιστάτης; again, in addition, ἐπαιτέω; against, ἐπιορκέω, ἐπιβουλή. (AS)
1) upon, on, at, by, before 2) of position, on, at, by, over, against 3) to, over, on, at, across, against
A primary preposition properly meaning superimposition (of time, place, order, etc.), as a relation of distribution [with the genitive case], that is, over, upon, etc.; of rest (with the dative case) at, on, etc.; of direction (with the accusative case) towards, upon, etc.
KJV Usage: about (the times), above, after, against, among, as long as (touching), at, beside, X have charge of, (be-, [where-]) fore, in (a place, as much as, the time of, -to), (because) of, (up-) on (behalf of) over, (by, for) the space of, through (-out), (un-) to (-ward), with. In compounds it retains essentially the same import, at, upon, etc. (literally or figuratively).
From G1 (as a negative particle) and a presumed derivative of a compound of G1909 and G153; notashamed, that is, (by implication) irreprehensible
KJV Usage: that neededth not to be ashamed.
From G1909 and the base of G32; to announceupon (reflexively), that is, (by implication) to engage to do something, to assert something respecting oneself
KJV Usage: profess, (make) promise.
From G1909 and G71; to superinduce, that is, inflict (an evil), charge (a crime)
KJV Usage: bring upon.
From G1909 and G75; to struggle for
KJV Usage: earnestly contend for.
From G1909 and ἀθροίζω athroizō (to assemble); to accumulate
KJV Usage: gather thick together.
From G1909 and G134; to applaud
KJV Usage: commend, laud, praise.
From G1909 and the base of G134; laudation; concretely a commendable thing
KJV Usage: praise.
From G1909 and G142; to raiseup (literally or figuratively)
KJV Usage: exalt self, poise (lift, take) up.
From G1909 and G153; to feelshamefor something
KJV Usage: be ashamed.
From G1909 and G154; to ask for
KJV Usage: beg.
From G1909 and G190; to accompany
KJV Usage: follow (after).
From G1909 and G191; to hearken (favorably) to
KJV Usage: hear.
From G1909 and the base of G202; to listen (intently) to
KJV Usage: hear.
From G1909 and G302; a particle of indefinite contemporaneousnes; whenever, assoonas
KJV Usage: when.
Neuter of a presumed compound of G1909 and G318; (adverb) onnecessity, that is, necessarily
KJV Usage: necessary.
From G1909 and G321; to leadupon, that is, (technically) to putout (to sea); (intransitively) to return
KJV Usage: launch (thrust) out, return.
From G1909 and G363; to remindof
KJV Usage: put in mind.
Middle voice from G1909 and G373; to settleon; literally (remain) or figuratively (rely)
KJV Usage: rest in (upon).
From G1909 and G424; to comeupon, that is, return
KJV Usage: come again, return.
Middle voice from G1909 and G450; to standupon, that is, (figuratively) to attack
KJV Usage: rise up against.
From a compound of G1909 and G461; a straighteningupagain, that is, (figuratively) rectification (reformation)
KJV Usage: correction.
From G1909 and G507; upabove, that is, over or on (of place, amount, rank, etc.)
KJV Usage: above, more than, (up-) on, over.
From G1909 and G714; to availfor, that is, help
KJV Usage: relieve.
From a compound of G1909 and G757 (meaning a governor of a district, “eparch”); a special region of government, that is, a Roman praefecture
KJV Usage: province.
From G1909 and an equivalent of G833; a hutover the head, that is, a dwelling.
From G1909 and G839; occuring on the succeeding day, that is, (G2250 being implied) tomorrow
KJV Usage: day following, morrow, next day (after).
From G1909 and G846 and (the dative singular of) a derivative of φώρ phōr (a thief); intheftitself, that is, (by analogy) inactualcrime
KJV Usage: in the very act.
From G1909 and G875; to foamupon, that is, (figuratively) to exhibit (a vile passion)
KJV Usage: foam out.
From G1909 (in the sense of devoted to) and Ἀφροδίτη Aphroditē (Venus); Epaphroditus, a Christian
From G1909 and G2192; to holdupon, that is, (by implication) to retain; (by extension) to detain; (with implication of G3563) to payattentionto
KJV Usage: give (take) heed unto, hold forth, mark, stay.
From a compound of G1909 and (probably) ἀρειά areia (threats); to insult, slander
KJV Usage: use despitefully, falsely accuse.
From G1909 and the base of G939; to walkupon, that is, mount, ascend, embark, arrive
KJV Usage: come (into), enter into, go aboard, sit upon, take ship.
From G1909 and G906; to throwupon (literally or figuratively, transitively or reflexively; usually with more or less force); specifically (with G1438 implied) to reflect; impersonally to belongto
KJV Usage: beat into, cast (up-), on, fall, lay (on), put (unto), stretch forth, think on.
From G1909 and G916; to beheavyupon, that is, (pecuniarily) to beexpensiveto; figuratively to beseveretowards
KJV Usage: be chargeable to, overcharge.
From G1909 and a reduplicated derivation of the base of G939 (compare G307); to causetomount (an animal)
KJV Usage: set on.
From G1909 and G991; to gazeat (with favor, pity or partiality)
KJV Usage: look upon, regard, have respect to.
From G1909 and G994; to exclaimagainst
KJV Usage: cry.
From a presumed compound of G1909 and G1014; a planagainst someone, that is, a plot
KJV Usage: laying (lying) in wait.
From G1909 and a derivative of G1062; to formaffinitywith, that is, (specifically) in a levirate way
KJV Usage: marry.
From G1909 and G1093; worldly (physically or morally)
KJV Usage: earthly, in earth, terrestrial.
From G1909 and G1096; to arriveupon, that is, springup (as a wind)
KJV Usage: blow.
From G1909 and G1097; to knowupon some mark, that is, recognise; by implication to becomefullyacquaintedwith, to acknowledge
From G1909 and G2572; to conceal, that is, (figuratively) forgive
KJV Usage: cover.
From G1909 and a derivative of G2672; imprecated, that is, execrable
KJV Usage: accursed.
From G1909 and G2749; to restupon (literally or figuratively)
KJV Usage: impose, be instant, (be) laid (there-, up-) on, (when) lay (on), lie (on), press upon.
From a compound of G1909 and a (prolonged) form of the base of G2877 (in the sense of servant); assistance
KJV Usage: help.
From G1909 and G2919; to adjudge
KJV Usage: give sentence.
Middle voice from G1909 and G2983; to seize (for help, injury, attainment or any other purpose; literally or figuratively)
KJV Usage: catch, lay hold (up-) on, take (by, hold of, on).
Middle voice from G1909 and G2990; to loseout of mind; by implication to neglect
KJV Usage: (be) forget (-ful of).
Middle voice from G1909 and G3004; to surname, select
KJV Usage: call, choose.
From G1909 and G3007; to leaveupon, that is, (figuratively) to beinsufficient for
KJV Usage: fall.
From G1909 and G3062; leftover, that is, remaining
KJV Usage: rest.
From G1909 and G3089; to solvefurther, that is, (figuratively) to explain, decide
KJV Usage: determine, expound.
From G1909 and G3140; to attestfurther, that is, corroborate
KJV Usage: testify.
Middle voice from G1909 and the same as G3199; to carefor (physically or otherwise)
KJV Usage: take care of.
From G1909 and G3306; to stayover, that is, remain (figuratively persevere)
KJV Usage: abide (in), continue (in), tarry.
From G1909 and G3506; to nodat, that is, (by implication) to assent
KJV Usage: consent.
From G1909 and G3563; attention of the mind, that is, (by implication) purpose
KJV Usage: thought.
From G1909 and G3727; onoath, that is, (falsely) a forswearer
KJV Usage: perjured person.
Feminine singular participle of a compound of G1909 and εἷμι heimi (to go); supervening, that is, (G2250 or G3571 being expressed or implied) the ensuing day or night
KJV Usage: following, next.
Perhaps from the same as G1966; to-morrow's; but more probably from G1909 and a derivative of the present participle feminine of G1510; forsubsistence, that is, needful
KJV Usage: daily.
From G1909 and G4098; to embrace (with affection) or seize (with more or less violence; literally or figuratively)
KJV Usage: fall into (on, upon), lie on, press upon.
From G1909 and G4141; to chastise, that is, (with words) to upbraid
KJV Usage: rebuke.
From G1909 and G4155; to throttleupon, that is, (figuratively) overgrow
KJV Usage: choke.
From G1909 and ποθέω potheō (to yearn); to doteupon, that is, intenselycrave possession (lawfully or wrongfully)
KJV Usage: (earnestly) desire (greatly), (greatly) long (after), lust.
From G1909 and a derivative of the latter part of G1971; yearnedupon, that is, greatlyloved
KJV Usage: longed for.
From G1909 and G4198; to journeyfurther, that is, travelon (reach)
KJV Usage: come.
From G1909 and the base of G4476; to stitchupon, that is, fasten with the needle
KJV Usage: sew on.
From G1909 and G4496; to throwupon (literally or figuratively)
KJV Usage: cast upon.
From G1909 and some form of the base of G4591; remarkable, that is, (figuratively) eminent
KJV Usage: notable, of note.
From a compound of G1909 and a derivative of G4621; a provisioning, that is, (concretely) food
KJV Usage: victuals.
Middle voice from G1909 and the base of G4649; to inspect, that is, (by implication) to select; by extension to gotosee, relieve
KJV Usage: look out, visit.
From G1909 and G4637; to tentupon, that is, (figuratively) abidewith
KJV Usage: rest upon.
From G1909 and a derivative of G4639; to castashadeupon, that is, (by analogy) to envelop in a haze of brilliancy; figuratively to invest with preternatural influence
KJV Usage: overshadow.
From G1909 and G4648; to oversee; by implication to beware
KJV Usage: look diligently, take the oversight.
From G1909 and G4649 (in the sense of G1983); a superintendent, that is, Christian officer in general charge of a (or the) church (literally or figuratively)
KJV Usage: bishop, overseer.
From G1909 and G4685; to drawover, that is, (with G203 implied) efface the mark of circumcision (by recovering with the foreskin)
KJV Usage: become uncircumcised.
From G1909 and a presumed derivative of G2476; an appointeeover, that is, commander (teacher)
KJV Usage: master.
From G1909 and G4724; to enjoin (by writing), that is, (generally) to communicatebyletter (for any purpose)
KJV Usage: write (a letter, unto).
From G1909 and G4741; to supportfurther, that is, reestablish
KJV Usage: confirm, strengthen.
From G1909 and G4750; to put something over the mouth, that is, (figuratively) to silence
KJV Usage: stop mouths.
From G1909 and G4762; to revert (literally, figuratively or morally)
KJV Usage: come (go) again, convert, (re-) turn (about, again).
From G1909 and G4863; to collectupon the same place
KJV Usage: gather (together).
From G1909 and G4936; to hastentogetherupon one place (or a particular occasion)
KJV Usage: come running together.
From the middle of a compound of G1909 and G4921; a conspiracy, that is, concourse (riotous or friendly)
KJV Usage: that which cometh upon, + raising up.
From a compound of G1909 and σφάλλω sphallō (to trip); figuratively insecure
KJV Usage: dangerous.
From G1909 and G2480; to availfurther, that is, (figuratively) insiststoutly
KJV Usage: be the more fierce.
From G1909 and G4987; to accumulatefurther, that is, (figuratively) seek additionally
KJV Usage: heap.
From G1909 and G5021; to arrangeupon, that is, order
KJV Usage: charge, command, injoin.
From G1909 and G5055; to fulfillfurther (or completely), that is, execute; by implication to terminate, undergo